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16 February 2017

This Convinced Me that the Gas-Chamber Story was False

 
I became convinced that Jews were untrustworthy and prone to exaggeration long before I was convinced that the gas-chamber story -- the essence of the Holocaust -- was false.

This was the article that convinced me. I found it convincing because it was clear and concise, and because I knew the author to be a conscientious truthteller, and also a scientist (a former professor of physics) who could vouch for the scientific claims made in the article.


 
The Evidence of the Prussian Blue

by Dr. William L. Pierce 
From National Vanguard, March-April 1989

Fred Leuchter, of Boston, Massachusetts, is an engineer — a very special sort of engineer. His specialty is the technology of putting condemned prisoners to death. He knows everything there is to know about electric chairs, gallows, and gas chambers. His consulting firm, Fred A. Leuchter Associates, is the only one of its kind in the United States, and he is the man who is called on whenever a new prison with an execution facility is built or an old one is refurbished.

One of his recent jobs was the design of a new gas chamber for the Missouri State Penitentiary, in Jefferson City. Another was a forensic examination of the alleged “gas chambers” in the former concentration camps at Auschwitz, Birkenau, and Majdanek, all in Poland, where Jews have been claiming for the last 44 years that millions of their brethren perished at the hands of the German occupying force during the Second World War.

Mr. Leuchter got that last job when he was hired as an expert witness by Ernst Zündel, a Canadian of German birth on trial by the Canadian government for disseminating “false news.” Under an obscure and heretofore unused Canadian law which makes it a penal offense to publish information the publisher knows to be false, Zündel was being prosecuted for reprinting and distributing a booklet, Did Six Million Really Die?, which presents evidence countering the Jewish claim that six million Jews were gassed to death in the so-called “Holocaust.” The charges had been brought against him in 1983 at the insistence of Jews in Canada, and he had been convicted in 1985. On appeal he had won a new trial, which began in January 1988. (For information on Ernst Zündel’s first trial, see National Vanguard No. 99, p. 21; and No. 103, p. 15.)

During Zündel’s first trial a great deal of evidence had been presented by the defense team to establish the factuality of Did Six Million Really Die? Persons who had been at Auschwitz during the war testified about the actual conditions there; others pointed out some of the gross inconsistencies in the “Holocaust” tale or presented evidence of the torture of German camp guards after the war in order to extract “confessions” from them. And several witnesses who had examined the alleged “gas chambers” at Auschwitz and other concentration camps in Poland testified that it was extremely unlikely that they had ever been used for executing Jews: their design and construction were totally unsuited for their alleged purpose.

The jurors, however, previously saturated with fictionalized media portrayals of concentration camps, German brutality against blameless Jews, and other facets of the “Holocaust” story, decided to believe what they had seen and heard on television instead of the evidence presented in the courtroom.

The defense aim in the second trial was to present more evidence of the same kind as in the first trial, but to make it more credible, and it was for this purpose that Fred Leuchter was engaged. As an unimpeachable expert on the design and functioning of gas chambers, he could visit the concentration camp sites, gather evidence, and then tell the jury whether or not it was feasible for the Germans to have gassed the millions of Jews claimed by the propagandists for the “Holocaust.”

It was anticipated by the defense team that Leuchter’s evidence would establish two essential points: First, the structures designated by the Jews as “gas chambers” were utterly inadequate for that function, and one would have to believe the Germans the world’s most incompetent engineers if they had indeed constructed them for executing Jews with poison gas. This point was to be made more compelling by comparing the alleged gas chambers with the real gas chambers — i.e., the delousing chambers for killing the lice on the clothing and other personal belongings of the prisoners — which existed in each camp. The latter, quite obviously too small to have been used for mass executions of prisoners, were designed and constructed by knowledgeable engineers to serve their intended function in the most efficient manner. So why did the Germans build preposterously unsuitable and inefficient gas chambers for killing Jews and highly efficient gas chambers for killing lice, all in the same camp?

The second point to be made was that, even if the Germans had gassed and cremated Jews in the designated facilities in the concentration camps, they could not possibly have killed anything near the number of Jews claimed in the “Holocaust” propaganda; the facilities simply were not adequate for the task.

It was with these considerations in mind that Leuchter, accompanied by a draftsman, a photographer, and a Polish interpreter, departed for Poland in February 1988 to gather his evidence. The evidence he actually found there, however, was far more persuasive than Zündel or his defense team could have hoped for. It was evidence which would punch an irreparable hole in the “Holocaust” myth.

That evidence was presented to the world when Leuchter was called to the witness stand on April 20, 1988 — an auspicious date indeed. Leuchter told the court about his observations and measurements of the buildings allegedly used for putting more than two million Jews to death between 1941 and 1944 with deadly Zyklon B. He repeated, with more detail and authority, the conclusions of other witnesses who had examined these alleged “gas chambers.”

Then he dropped his bombshell. He had also gathered, he revealed to the court, a number of samples of material scraped from the walls, floors, and ceilings of the various buildings claimed to be used for gassing Jews to death, and also from the interior of a genuine delousing chamber at the Birkenau camp. He had submitted these samples for analysis to an independent testing laboratory, Alpha Analytical Laboratories, of Ashland, Massachusetts. He and the witness who followed him, Dr. James Roth, manager of the aforenamed laboratory, described the significance of the samples.

Zyklon B, the poison the Jews claim was used to reduce their population by several million (2.5 million at Auschwitz-Birkenau alone) during the Second World War, consists of hydrogen cyanide, the active ingredient, in a granular carrier of diatomaceous earth. It was widely used before the war as a pesticide and was exported by several German manufacturers to other countries, including the United States. And it actually was used in substantial quantities in the concentration camps during the war, primarily to delouse clothing and bedding. The eastern Jews were a notoriously filthy people, and many of them were infested with lice. Lice often are carriers of deadly typhus, and so the Germans were obliged to build delousing facilities in every camp intended for Jewish prisoners or workers.

Hydrogen cyanide (also known as hydrocyanic acid and prussic acid) is an efficient killer not only of lice, but of other living organisms as well. It is the deadliest poison in general use in commerce and industry. And it is the poison used for all gas chamber executions of prisoners in the United States, although for this purpose it is derived from other sources than Zyklon B.

Hydrogen cyanide itself is a volatile liquid, which vaporizes rapidly at room temperature and does its deadly work as a gas. It does have a tendency to cling to walls and other surfaces with which it comes in contact, however, especially if these surfaces are somewhat porous, as were the brick walls of the alleged execution chambers in the concentration camps. If the temperature of a surface is much below the boiling point of the liquid, 78 F, there may be actual condensation.

And it is a moderately reactive substance. In particular, it reacts with iron compounds to form ferro- and ferricyanides, which themselves are quite stable substances. Common red building brick gets its color from the iron oxide which
it contains. Hydrogen cyanide, in either its gaseous or liquid form, in contact with such brick slowly reacts with the iron oxide to form a complex iron-cyanide compound, ferric ferrocyanide (also known as ferric hexacyanoferrate), which goes by several common names, including Berlin blue, Paris blue, Hamburg blue, and, most commonly, Prussian blue.

Prussian blue, used as a pigment in printing inks, paints, typewriter ribbons, and carbon paper, is a practically indestructible substance, nearly insoluble in water, dilute acids, and most organic solvents. Once formed in the surface layer of a brick, it remains there forever. If there is a sufficient concentration of it, it imparts its distinctive blue color to the brick.

It was this distinctive blue color which Leuchter immediately noticed on the brick walls of the delousing chamber at Birkenau — but not on the walls of any of the alleged execution rooms, at either Birkenau or the other camps. The
The Birkenau Delousing Chamber.
laboratory analyses of his scrapings revealed an extremely high concentration of cyanide (bound as Prussian blue) — more than one part per thousand — in the material from the wall of the Birkenau delousing chamber, but practically no cyanide in the material from the walls, floors, and ceilings of the rooms where literally millions of Jews are alleged to have been gassed.


Most of the “gas chamber” scrapings contained no detectable cyanide at all, within the limits of the analytical process used. The few scrapings which did yield a non-zero indication of cyanide contained a concentration consistent with a one-time delousing of the room with Zyklon B. In no case was this concentration as much as one per cent of that in the walls of the Birkenau delousing chamber.

The clear implication of these tests is that, in complete contradiction of Jewish “Holocaust” claims, Jews were not gassed in the concentration camps which they assert were “death camps,” where a massive, continuing program of executions of Jewish prisoners with Zyklon B is alleged to have occurred. And this contradiction, so stark and clear-cut, casts an even greater pall of doubt than existed before over the whole Jewish story of a deliberate German campaign of extermination which took six million Jewish lives.

Jews, of course, will not abandon their “Holocaust” claims, no matter how tattered and discredited they become. Those claims already have yielded them a tidy profit: $50 billion in “guilt money” extorted from the people of West Germany alone. And they are the Jews’ sole excuse for behavior — in Palestine, America, Europe, and elsewhere — which otherwise would be inexcusable by the Gentile world.

Nor will the “Holocaust” myth be abandoned by the politicians, bureaucrats, and media scribblers of the Western world, so many of whom are owned lock, stock, and barrel by the profiteers of that myth. Nor by the lunatic fringe of Christians, who worshipfully regard the Jews — God’s own people — as infallible. Which is why Ernst Zündel was found guilty again by the Canadian court, on May 11, 1988.

There are in the world, however, sane, intelligent, and honest men of all ideological convictions. It is they who eventually will be persuaded by the evidence of the Prussian blue. And when they are persuaded, the Jews will be undone.

22 January 2017

Semi-Revisionism is Dead: a response to David Cole’s “Denial Is Dead”

Jewish Semi-Revisionist David Cole

Semi-Revisionism is a term coined by Professor Robert Faurisson to designate the position of the three men who previously represented Holocaust Revisionism but later retreated to the position of endorsing any Holocaust accusation not specifically addressed by the Leuchter Report. In other words, they give the benefit of the doubt to the Holocaust Faith on every question where an absolute disproof was impossible, in spite of all indications that this indulgence is undeserved.

David Irving invented the Semi-Revisionist position. In 1988 Irving publicly embraced the Leuchter Report and seems to have concluded at that time that the Holocaust in general was a false story. Irving expected to increase his fame by proclaiming this truth himself (much as he had increased his fame by denouncing fraudulent Hitler diaries in 1983). Subsequently, however, Irving found that the pecuniary loss and general hardship that he faced due to the reaction of Organized Jewry was much greater and much more enduring than he had anticipated. The retreat to Semi-Revisionism was David Irving's attempt to restore some of the career and livelihood that he had lost.

Mark Weber, who as early as 1979 had accepted Faurisson's conclusion that there were no gassings of Jews, copied Irving's retreat, evidently due to a failure of courage after witnessing how the relentless persecution of Ernst Zündel continued even after he had beaten them in the False News Trials of 1985, 1988, and 1992.

David Cole is a Zionist Jew who got involved in Holocaust Revisionism after the 1988 False News Trial, a time when it was already clear, as a result of the testimonies in the 1988 False News Trial, that the Holocaust Faith would have to retreat and modify some of its claims in order not to become a laughing-stock. Cole's motive thus was never to debunk the Holocaust, but to save it by revising it, and, to the extent possible, to put a Jewish face on those revisions.
  
In that light it is unsurprising that Cole ends up denouncing the uncompromising, non-Jewish Revisionists like Robert Faurisson and Ernst Zündel, who stand by their conclusion that the Holocaust is essentially a false story.

Read more about it here.

19 January 2017

German Newspaper Editor says German News-Media Controlled by USA, Then Dies

"Germany is still a kind of colony of the United States." 



Udo Ulfkotte, a former editor (until 2003) of the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung who revealed in his 2014  book Gekaufte Journalisten (to be published in translation later this year as Journalists for Hire: How the CIA Buys the News) was found dead a few days short of his 57th birthday, reportedly of heart-failure, on 13 January 2017. 

He wrote that German news-media are directed to publish false reports that serve the foreign-policy agenda of the government of the United States. They are both bribed for cooperation and punished for refusal to cooperate. 

Of course there are questions about whether Ulfkotte really died of natural causes at only 57 years of age (and, perhaps not coincidentally, just one week before the empowerment of a differently minded U.S. administration). Against that suspicion one can cite the fact that Ulfkotte had a history of heart-trouble. But this question is less important than what Ulfkotte wrote.

Paul Craig Roberts notes:

He published a courageous book in which he said that the CIA had a hand on every significant journalist in Europe, which gave Washington control over European opinion and reduced knowledge of and opposition to Washington’s control over European heads of state. Essentially, there are no European governments independent of Washington. [Global Research, 15 January 2017]

Since controlling the news-media is equivalent to controlling the government, Ulfkotte's book amounts to documentation that Germany today is a vassal of the United States. 

It is important to keep in mind that the CIA is principally an instrument of the current administration. It is not a coincidence that Germany commits racial suicide during the most overtly anti-White U.S. presidential administration in history, one that has even encouraged violence domestically against police and against White people generally. 

In foreign policy, however, it is well known that the U.S.A., which lords over Germany, is in turn a vassal of the Israel Lobby. Ulfkotte has revealed that German news-media were required to publish false war-propaganda in service to the Zionist agenda of régime-change, in particular an accusation in 2011 that Muammar Qadhafi was building a poison-gas factory in Libya. Recently, Ulfkotte said, there has been a campaign of false reporting to drum up a war against Russia, for the obvious reason that Russia interfered with the Zionist agenda of régime-change in Syria.

The new Trump administration will likely bring a reversal or at least a halt to such trends, in Europe as well as in the U.S.A.
 

Ulfkotte's Errata

Ulfkotte said one thing in his 2014 interview with RT that was incorrect. He said that it was "known all over the world" that in 1988 Kurdish people were gassed by the Iraqi government (at Halabja, in northern Iraq). This is an example of a story that is widely "known" without being true. This false rumor was originally propagated by the Iranians in March 1988 (after they themselves had accidentally gassed some Iraqi Kurds), then taken up and perpetuated by Zionist news-media from September 1988 onward, when the war between Iraq and Iran had ended. (The preeminent source for debunking the gassed-Kurds accusation is Stephen C. Pelletiere, a professor emeritus at the U.S. Army War College.)

The gassing-incident that Ulfkotte personally observed in July 1988 involved, he says, "hundreds or thousands" of gassed Iranians at Zubeidat (in southern Iraq). This would have been a military use of poison-gas against invaders, rather than gratuitous gassing of a civilian population.

It seems that Ulfkotte also still accepted the old anti-German accusation of gassing Jews. It would be surprising if he did not at least suspect that  pro-Jewish lying extended beyond what he was able to determine from his own experience.




04 January 2017

Chicago Negroes Express Hatred for Donald Trump by Kidnapping and Torturing White Man


 

This man most likely got into this situation partly through being non-racist and trustful of Negroes. Fox TV's Chicago affiliate describes the him as "mentally disabled." Apparently he was lured into a stolen vehicle and taken from his suburb to the location in Chicago where this video was made.


Additional details are now available. On Saturday (31 December) the victim's parents had dropped him off at McDonald's in Streamwood, a town west of Chicago, to meet somebody from school that he considered a friend. From there he was taken 30 miles away to Chicago's Homan Square neighborhood in a van that had been stolen in Streamwood. On Monday (2 January) his parents reported him missing to the Streamwood police. They received text-messages claiming that he was being held captive. The Streamwood Police discovered the Facebook video of the man being tortured. On Tuesday evening Chicago police found the victim wandering battered and bloody in shorts and a tanktop, with no jacket in the freezing weather about one block away from where the torture-video had been made


In the second part the savages slice off about one square inch of the man's scalp, in addition to beating him. "This shit is hilarious," says the Negress wielding the cellphone.

The four Negroes are in police-custody while the White man is being treated in a hospital.

The Associated Press interestingly omitted the races of the persons involved and quoted police to the effect that it was "too soon to determine whether the attack was racially motivated." 

For those who would argue that this is not typical Negro behavior, here is a presentation about what typical Negro behavior is, and why it is what it is.

  

31 December 2016

The Holocaust is now an Essential Part of the Jewish Identity

The Holocaust now takes its place in the canon of Jewish legends, like the false legend of Jewish enslavement in ancient Egypt.


This never happened.


As with other Jewish legends, truthfulness, or the lack thereof, is less important than the benefits that Jews can derive from the story. 

“When you talk about the Holocaust, you can also take strength from it....” -- Dr. Eyal Kaminka, Yad Vashem


Read more about it from CODOH.

29 December 2016

Norwegian Cartoon Disrespects the Holocaust




Norwegian public television published a short cartoon depicting university-students seeking an apartment at a place that strikingly resembles a concentration-camp, where an elderly Jew rents an apartment to them. NRK has apologized in response to complaints but has not tried to make the cartoon unavailable. 

Read more about it from CODOH.

25 December 2016

Did the Germans get a fair trial at Nuremberg?


Today somebody made the absurd assertion that the German defendants got a fair trial before the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. This was how I responded.



Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, soon to be Chief Justice, Harlan Fiske Stone, criticized the IMT at Nuremberg as follows (in a private letter to Sterling Carr, dated 4 December 1945):

Harlan Fiske Stone as Chief Justice

"Jackson is away conducting his high-grade lynching party in Nuremberg. I don't mind what he does to the Nazis, but I hate to see the pretense that he is running a court and proceeding according to common law. This is a little too sanctimonious a fraud to meet my old-fashioned ideas." [A.T. Mason, Harlan Fiske Stone: Pillar of the Law, 1956, p. 716]


It is not necessary to appeal to personal authority in this matter, however. The specific points that I made, in support of the contention that the Germans did not get a fair trial before the IMT at Nuremberg, have become, over time, relatively uncontroversial: it is only when you derive from the uncontroversial facts the obvious conclusion that the IMT was indeed a "high-grade lynching party," that controversy occurs. Here is a detailed presentation of those now uncontroversial facts.


Accusation and Retraction about Katyn


On 13 April 1943 the Germans informed the world of the mass-graves of about 4000 Polish officers that they discovered near Smolensk .  They had been marched to a pit with their hands tied behind their backs, and shot in the back of the head, during the period when that part of Poland was under Soviet control.
 
The British foreign secretary, Sir Anthony Eden, spoke of the "cynicism which permits the Nazi murderers of hundreds of thousands of innocent Poles and Russians to make use of a story of mass-murder to disturb the unity of the Allies." (AP, 4 May 1943)


The Polish government-in-exile however believed the Germans, and demanded that the Red Cross investigate (which they refused to do, on the pretext that the Soviet government must also ask for such an investigation). The Soviet government subsequently demanded that the Polish exile government be replaced (AP, 28 April 1943). Within three months the leader of that exile government, General Wladyslaw Sikorski, died in a mysterious plane-crash (AP, 17 February 1944).

At the time of the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg, the pretense that the Germans had done the Katyn Forest Massacre was still officially maintained. On 14 February 1946 the Deputy Chief Prosecutor for the Soviet Union, Colonel Y.V. Pokrovsky, stated:


We find, in the Indictment, that one of the most important criminal acts for which the major war criminals are responsible was the mass execution of Polish prisoners of war, shot in the Katyn Forest near Smolensk by the German fascist invaders.[IMT transcript, 14 February 1946]

By 1951 Arthur Bliss Lane, a former U.S. ambassador to Poland, accusing the U.S. government of "appeasement" of the Soviet Union, had formed the American Committee for the Investigation of the Katyn Massacre, declaring that "the American people, of which some 6,000,000 are of Polish descent, are entitled to know the facts." The committee had to proceed without tax-exempt nonprofit status, however, this status having been begrudged on plainly political grounds. (Westbrook Pegler, 18 January 1951)

After Mikhail Gorbachev became the Soviet head of state, the executive branch of the Soviet government no longer denied that the Soviet secret police had done the killings. But it was 2010 before the Russian Duma officially admitted it:


Russia's parliament on Friday declared Stalin responsible for ordering the Katyn massacre of Polish officers in World War II, a crime Moscow spent decades blaming on the Nazis to the fury of Poland. [...] The resolution of the State Duma lower house of parliament broke more than half a century of official reluctance to admit that the Soviet leadership under Joseph Stalin ordered the killing of thousands of Polish officers in 1940. [D. Zaks, Agence France Presse, 26 November 2010]


Dachau, Bergen-Belsen, and Buchenwald


This letter from Dr. Martin Broszat, director of the authoritative Institut für Zeitgeschichte, appeared in the respected German newspaper Die Zeit on 19 August 1960. Broszat says in the first sentence:

Neither in Dachau nor in Bergen-Belsen nor in Buchenwald were Jews or other prisoners gassed.

But British chief prosecutor Sir Hartley Shawcross, in his closing speech on 26 July 1946, had referred to:

Murder conducted like some mass production industry in the gas chambers and the ovens of Auschwitz, Dachau, Treblinka, Buchenwald, Mauthausen, Maidanek, and Oranienburg. [IMT transcript, 26 July 1946]

There does not seem to have been any explicit claim during the IMT that gassings occurred at Bergen-Belsen, but it was a very widespread belief: hence Martin Broszat's inclusion of Bergen-Belsen in his 1960 letter about places where gassings definitely did not occur.


Winston Churchill is credited with the observation:


A lie gets halfway around the world before the truth can get its pants on.

This is certainly a case in point. Because the powers that be never had any particular interest in making sure that their old lies were corrected, even people who should know better still believe that there were gassings at Dachau, and Bergen-Belsen, and Buchenwald.


Human-Skin Lampshades


The claim that lampshades had been made out of human skin, from prisoners murdered specifically for the purpose, seems to have been introduced purely for prejudicial purposes. The claim was put before the Tribunal in a film made by Hollywood director George Stevens. After that the American prosecutor, Thomas Dodd, rationalized further treatment of the subject by declaring:

We have had turned over to us two exhibits which we are prepared to show to this Tribunal only because they illustrate the depths to which the administration of these camps had sunk shortly before, at least, the time that they were liberated by the Allied Army. [IMT transcript, 13 December 1945]

Dodd implied that the gratuitous murder of prisoners to make lampshades (and other items) was typical of how the German camps functioned, and that this reflected the character of the National-Socialist state, and ultimately indicated the character of the defendants being tried by the IMT. In a fair trial, this discussion would have been excluded on grounds of irrelevance, because only one person at one camp, who was not on trial before the IMT, could ever be formally accused of this crime -- and she was not guilty of it.

Here is some background on the woman actually accused of having prisoners killed to make lampshades from their skins

In late 1943 Ilse Koch's husband, former Buchenwald commandant Karl Koch (at the time, transferred to Majdanek) was investigated by the SS and eventually sentenced to death for embezzlement and the murder of three prisoners at Buchenwald. Ilse was investigated at the same time on a charge of concealing stolen property, but was acquitted for lack of evidence.

After the war, Ilse Koch was accused by the Allies of having caused prisoners at Buchenwald to be killed so that she could have items made from their tattooed skins. There was a credibility-problem with this accusation from the beginning because SS-judge Konrad Morgen, who had sentenced her husband to death for killing prisoners, had also investigated her and found no such thing. She had not been at Buchenwald since 1943.  

Ilse Koch was tried with 30 others before an American military court in 1947, the so-called Dachau Trial, where she was convicted and received a life sentence.

The following year, the military governor of the American Zone, General Lucius Clay, commuted her sentence to 4 years, explaining that "there was no convincing evidence that she had selected inmates for extermination in order to secure tattooed skins, or that she possessed any articles made of human skin."

In 1949 Ilse Koch was arrested by West German authorities and tried again, on various charges, including the old, discredited accusation about lampshades. Four witnesses supported the accusation, but they must have been unconvincing, because the charge was dropped due to the same lack of physical evidence previously indicated by General Clay.



Soap from Jews


A rumor spread that cheap soap mass-produced by the Germans and distributed in concentration camps during the war was made from Jewish fat. The soap bore the letters RJF, which was alleged to stand for reines juedisches Fett - Pure Jewish Fat. This most likely began as a joke, deriving its humor from the fact that, if Jews were being secretly made into soap, it would be idiotic to put any remote indication of it on the product. In fact, the letters were RIF (capital I and capital J in the old Fraktur script being identical), an entirely innocent acronym representing Reichsstelle für industrielle Fettversorgung -- Reich's Center for Industrial Fat-Provisioning.


On 24 November 1942, Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, Chairman of the World Jewish Congress, endorsed and promoted the rumor that Hitler had ordered every possible Jew to be killed and every possible Jewish corpse to be used to make soap:


That Nazis have established a price of 50 reichsmarks for each corpse -- mostly Jewish, Dr. Wise indicated -- and are reclaiming bodies of slain civilians to be "processed into such war-vital commodities as soap fats and fertilizer."

"He (Hitler) is even exhuming the dead for the value of the corpses," Dr. Wise said during a press conference shortly after he had conferred with State Department officials.

He stressed the fact that most of his information came from various sources other than the State Department, but said those sources had been confirmed as authentic by the department. [AP, 24 November 1942]  

Because of the widespread rumor, Heinrich Himmler contacted Heinrich Müller to confirm that nothing like this was happening:


You have guaranteed me that at every site the corpses of these deceased Jews are either burned or buried, and that at no site anything else can happen with the corpses. [Himmler to Müller, 20 November 1942]

The fact that the rumor of soap made from human fat was circulating as early as 1942, before the world had any possibility of discovering whatever was happening, is in itself a good indication that the story was only an empty rumor. 

During the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg the story of soap made from human fat was pushed especially by Soviet prosecutors. What was the evidence? There were former Auschwitz-internees who apparently had heard the rumor about it and believed it, and there were affidavits from three men who said that they had worked at the Danzig Anatomic Institute where, they claimed, some soap had been produced.

On 8 February 1946 Soviet chief prosecutor General R.A. Rudenko mentioned the soap story while quoting "an extract of the appeal to the public opinion of the world from the representatives of several thousand former internees at Auschwitz" that includes these claims:

To save gasoline, the fats and oils necessary for cremations were partly derived from the bodies of gassed people. Fats and oils for technical purposes and for the manufacture of soap were also obtained from the corpses. [IMT transcript, 8 February 1946]

It seems that the bodies of Jews yield huge quantities of fats and oils. How former internees at Auschwitz would know about the alleged manufacture of soap from the fat of their fellow prisoners is not explained: it could only have been a rumor.

The big presentation about soap from human fat, spanning about 1500 words, was given on 19 February 1946 by Soviet assistant prosecutor Colonel L.N. Smirnov. It was based on extracts from an interview (Document Number USSR-197) with Sigmund Mazur, alleged to be a former laboratory assistant at the Danzig Anatomic Institute under "Professor Spanner." There were also affidavits from two British POWs, John Henry Witton (Document Number USSR-264) and William Anderson Neely (Document Number USSR-272), who had supposedly worked at the Institute.

The Danzig Anatomic Institute directed by Dr. Rudolf Spanner had legitimate reasons for dealing with cadavers. It was part of the Medizinische Akademie Danzig (Danzig Medical School, now called Akademia Medyczna Gdańsk). It was not a soap-factory.

Taking Smirnov's presentation at face-value, a little math shows that the alleged production of soap at the Institute was hardly on an industrial scale. Mazur claimed that from 40 cadavers 70 to 80kg of fat could be collected, yielding 25kg of soap.Witton says that on average 7 to 8 cadavers arrived per day, while Neely's estimate was only 2 to 3 per day. The maximum possible production therefore would have been in the range of only 1.25 to 5kg of soap per day.

Mazur says that the soap was for use by personnel at the Institute, while Neely says that it was used to clean dissection-tables. There is no indication in the information presented by Smirnov that that the soap was made available commercially. The details read by Smirnov, taken at face-value, indicate that this was lye-soap for in-house use.

Even if the story is true, it is far from the systematic, industrial use of human fat that was the substance of Rabbi Wise's rumor. Furthermore, Smirnov did not even try to argue that anyone was killed for the purpose of making soap.

Smirnov presented to the tribunal samples of "half-finished and some finished soap, which from the exterior, after lying about a few months, reminds you of ordinary household soap."

Plaque at the site of the DAI.
The obvious question would have been: how could anyone tell that this was not indeed just ordinary household soap? And even if it was soap from human fat, it could not be soap from Jewish fat, because no Jewish cadavers were sent to the DAI (according to Joachim Neander, German Studies Review, Feb. 2006). Significantly, Dr. Rudolf Spanner, the physician in charge of the Danzig Anatomic Institute, was never charged with any crime. 

These considerations however did not stop the postwar Communist government of Poland from erecting a plaque to commemorate the "victims of genocide" supposedly turned into soap at the Institute, reflecting the wartime rumor rather than the facts.

The soap-accusation was mentioned at other times during the proceedings. On 2 March 1946 General Rudenko made a rhetorical reference to the soap story (IMT transcript 2 March 1946). On 27 July 1946 the British chief prosecutor Sir Hartley Shawcross became the only non-Soviet prosecutor to invoke the soap story. (IMT transcript, 27 July 1946)

The Soviets liked the soap-accusation because it supported Marxist rhetoric about the "cannibalistic" tendencies of capitalism, and the false contention that "fascism" was extreme capitalism.

The last paragraph of the Judgement of the Tribunal, read by the Soviet judge General I.T. Nikitchenko  on 30 September 1946, begins with this sentence:

After cremation the ashes were used for fertilizer, and in some instances attempts were made to utilise the fat from the bodies of the victims in the commercial manufacture of soap.[IMT transcript, 30 September 2016]

There is a bit of weaselwording in this sentence. 

If  1.5 to 5kg of soap per day were indeed produced (not merely attempted) at the Danzig Anatomic Institute (which was not a soap factory) as Smirnov argued, this is obviously not "commercial manufacture." The insinuation in the tribunal's judgment that there were only "attempts" at producing soap "in some instances" is an admission that industrial use of fat to produce soap had not occurred

But according to the statement read to the tribunal by General Rudenko, thousands of former Auschwitz-internees asserted that industrial production of soap from human fat had occurred. 

Because the evidence prepared and presented to the tribunal did not come close to even appearing to validate the accusation that the Germans had commercially manufactured soap from Jewish fat, the tribunal pretended that the manufacture of lye-soap was a difficult process still in the experimental stages, and accused the Germans of only intending to do it and trying to do it. That way the Germans could be morally reproached for the evil intention of mass-producing soap from humans, even though there was no evidence that they had actually done it.

The Judgement of the Tribunal is worded in such a way as to avoid committing to the soap-rumor, without clearly stating that it was false. The result was that the rumor of industrial production of soap from Jewish fat continued to live on.

It lives on, for example, in Sir Jeremy Isaacs' 1974 documentary series The World at War (episode 16, 37:43-39:22), where Emmi Bonhoeffer (wife of an anti-Hitler conspirator) recounts how she told a neighbor during the war that she knew firsthand that Jews were made into soap! The narrator gives no indication that this was a false story. A friend tells me that schoolchildren in Austria at least as recently as 2001 were still being told this lie.

Mainstream "Holocaust historians," however, have distanced themselves from the story (at least in the English-speaking world). Walter Laqueur, in The Terrible Secret (1980) wrote:
 
"It emerged after the war that the [soap] story was in fact untrue."

Yehuda Bauer (an Israeli professor of Holocaust Studies) has even claimed:

"... the overwhelming majority of Holocaust historians have never believed that the Nazis mass produced human soap." [Y. Bauer, "The Soap Allegations"]

Since my aim here is not to embarrass "Holocaust historians" but only to demonstrate that the IMT was not the scrupulously fair process that some people seem to assume, it is perfectly acceptable to me if "Holocaust historians" agree that the soap accusation was false.  

The Jewish soap story may never have been unanimously endorsed by "Holocaust historians" but it is indisputable that Jews, including the Chairman of the World Jewish Congress, promoted the story, and that the story was introduced and repeatedly dignified in discussion, without ever being explicitly rejected, during the proceedings of the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg.

Like the lampshade-story, the soap-accusation really should have been excluded as irrelevant, because even if somebody somewhere in Germany had made lye-soap from human fat (which is impossible to disprove entirely), there was no evidence that any of the defendants before the IMT at Nuremberg had anything remotely to do with it, and the man who had supposedly ordered and supervised this activity, Dr. Rudolf Spanner, was never prosecuted.


Q.E.D.

It is clear that the German defendants before the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg did not receive a fair trial, because a number of shocking accusations now widely acknowledged to be false were presented and given credence during that process, among them:

  1. The Germans were blamed for the Katyn Forest Massacre of 4000 Polish officers, which even the Russian Duma now admits was done by the Soviet secret police.
  2. It was explicitly stated, and an inflammatory film was used to bolster the belief, that mass-gassings had occurred at Dachau and Buchenwald. But expert opinion, at least since 1960, has said that nobody was gassed at either location, nor at Bergen-Belsen as widely believed.
  3. The allegation that prisoners at Buchenwald had been killed to produce lampshades, presented to the Tribunal in George Stevens' film and by U.S. prosecutor Thomas Dodd, should have been excluded as irrelevant to the proceedings since the alleged perpetrator was not on trial, and a few years later the accusation was found to be false anyway.
  4. The claim that Jews had been turned into soap on an industrial scale, widely propagated during the war, was read into the record by a Soviet prosecutor. In the verdict it was cautiously scaled back to an accusation of mere "attempts" to turn Jews into soap "in some instances," without clearly rejecting the accusation as initially stated. If the Tribunal's verdict does not quite make it clear, "Holocaust historians" today agree that the Germans did not mass-produce soap from the fat of Jews.

These are all propositions that were treated as credible at the time of the International Military Tribunal (1945-1946) but are not treated as credible today even by "Holocaust historians," who are biased toward keeping such accusations intact. The inescapable conclusion is that the defendants did not receive a fair trial.

Furthermore, it shows that the Holocaust narrative has changed significantly, and for that reason alone cannot reasonably be regarded as beyond question. Falsus in uno, falsus in omnibus. It has been demonstrated that mere verbal testimony against the Germans about gassings, shootings, etc., without physical evidence, cannot be trusted.